Reading Passage 1 You should ideally waste 20 minutes on Questions 1-14 based on Reading Passage 1 below. Hype- The good, the bad and the ugly
A. Imagine for a moment that you are an impoverished citizen of ancient Egypt, hopefully hoeing the desert and wondering when it will bloom. Abruptly, a shadow of dirt appears on the horizon which eventually resolves itself into a gallop of colts and chariots commanded by heavily forearmed soldiers followed, eventually, by a crocodile of exhausted slaves lugging structure materials.
B. They all come to a stall outside your dwelling and you make a strategic withdrawal indoors, from where you watch them through a slit in the wall. In an amazingly short-lived lime, the slaves build a 40 -foot high-pitched obelisk which Is then surrounded by it swarm of stonemasons. Then, when the handiwork, whatever it is, has come to an end, the part fellowship withdraws as quickly as it came.
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C. Once the coast is clear, you sneak outside to examine their handiwork. The obelisk is covered with etches of soldiers, glancing singularly like those who have just left, engaged in countless triumphant duels, decimating the countryside and gruesomely killing people who look remarkably like you. prominently depicted, surveying sphinx-like the carnage committed in his same, is the Pharaoh. You can’t spoke, but you get the picture. You, in consort with your disaffected neigh hours, had been entertaining, in a instead desultory pattern, a small uprising. You vary your psyche in what is one of the easiest examples of the strength of propaganda.
D. Of trend, as is often the occurrence with big ideas when they tire in their infancy, the methods applied. In old Egypt were far from subtle, But over subsequent centuries, the use of propaganda was conscientiously sharpened. It was not until the First World War that information induced the quantum leap from the gentler skills of persuasion to become the tool of compulsion. As Philip Taylor says in War and the Media:” Before 1914, it simply conveyed the implies by which the proponent of a particular doctrine … transmitted his beliefs among his audience … propaganda is simply a process of persuasion. As a concept, it is neutral and is advisable to devoid of value judgements”.
E. It is unlikely, at least in the West, that hype is to be able to be refurbished as a neutral thought. The most name is now so laded with sinister implications that it provokes an immediate and visceral impression of cruelty. For the use of information reached its apogee in the machinery of the Third Reich. Hitler and Goebbels between them heightened it to a black art of such devilish ability that it has been permanently repudiated among the persons witnessed its phrase. Indeed in 1936 at Nuremberg, Hitler attributed his entire success to the workings of information. He said: “Propaganda brought us to capability, publicity has all along been enabled us to remain in power, and propaganda will give us the means used for subduing the world “.
F. It is therefore unsurprising that Western governments and politicians are liable to perform the most extreme presentational acrobatics in their efforts to avoid the dreaded “p” parole implemented at any of their activities. They have developed affecting lexicons of euphemisms and doublespeak to distance themselves from any adulterate of it, real or imagined. Unavoidably, the media is alive to this hypersensitivity and the “p” word has become a potent weapon in its arsenal. It is utilized pejoratively, with intent to discredit and gale, as governments are painfully aware. For propaganda is the spectre that haunts numerous a government-inspired media fest. It is the uninvited guest, the drain chair which serves to remind the multitudes accurately why the glean has been convened and armies them to run quality tests on the fare on offer — is it factually nutritious, is it presented in a balanced and honest lane, is its integrity intact?
G. In this one respect, at least, the negative connotations attached to propaganda actually accomplish a positive operate. They volunteer a salutary remembrance of ail that government information is reputed not to be and act as a relentless limited on any blowout propensity to excess. Most importantly, the public is alive to the dangers of publicity and alarm to its manifestations whether overt or covert. They know that propaganda is the serpent hiding In the tree of lore; that it is subtle, it beguiles, it persuasion, it obfuscates, it hampers out simple dreams and turns them into nightmare realities, it subverts, it pretends to be other than it is. They know that it is the poisoned result of the goblin busines , not the grassland meat of truth that is the staple diet of information. And they will not tolerate It. They succumb instead to the more shameless blandishments of marketing, which might be regarded as the wolf of hype, domesticate and turned to domestic use. Safe in the knowledge that the wolf has been securely trussed by the rules and regulations of the Advertising Standards Authority, they knowingly consent to be had,
Complete the text below, which is a summary of clauses. Choose a suitable word from the verse for each blank.
Write your answers in Blank infinites 1-10 on your answer sheet.
You may use any word more than once.
Example: propaganda- the very best, the bad and the____________.
_____1______ that you are a poor_________2______ living in old Egypt, when a party of soldiers accompanied by a________3_____ of slaves carrying structure substances appears on the representation. While you are inside your home, the slaves erect an __________4_____ and the whole company disappears. The_________5______ peculiarities figures like those soldiers who have just left can participate in triumphant clashes and, in a prominent location, the figure of the sphinx-like_____6________. After briefly considering an_________7_____, you and the other dwellers modify your___________8______ In what is one of the earliest Instances of the ability of______ 9______, albeit a not very _______ 10 ____ one.
Questions 11 -1 4 Choose the relevant symbols -AD and write them next to 11 -1 4 on your answer sheet.
11 According to Philip Taylor, publicity …
A is needed to propagate people’s beliefs
B was a tool of coercion before 1914
C has always been a neutral force
D was merely a process of persuading people to do things prior to the opening of 1914
12 According to Philip Taylor, publicity …
A is not a neutral concept
B is ethic laden up until 1914
C is ti neutral concept
D was a neutral notion up until 1914
13 Politicians in the West …
A will do anything to avoid utilize the word propaganda
B like use the word propaganda in the media
C do not dread the” p” word
D are accomplished acrobats
14 The public …
A are happy to be cheated by advertisers
B are cheated by advertisers
C are not fooled by advertisers
D respect the advertisers
Reading Passage 2 You should deplete about 20 minutes on Questions 15 -2 8, which are based on reading passage 2 below. The chase of lore
A. According to the great English lexicographer Samuel Johnson, insight is of two categories. We know a subject ourselves or we know where we can find information upon it( Boswell Life vol. 2 p, 383 18 April 1775 ). In the information-driven world we now inhabit, the latter has assumed a much greater grade of importance.
B. At the time of the European Renaissance, which covered the fourteenth, fifteenth and six-teenth centuries, it was considered possible for the informed, well-read man, the so-called Renaissance man, to possess the sum total of human knowledge. Admittedly, the body of knowledge then accessible was restricted, placed on hold firmly in check by various important factors; the paucity of diaries in circulation at that time; the difficulty of acquiring copies of the texts; the need to copy texts by hand; and the cost of doing so. The sample of Lupus of Ferrieres’ search for the Arsrhetorica of Fortunatus in the ninth century was reiterated again and again throughout the Latin West until the momentous advent of printing in the middle of the fifteenth century. Printed bibles pictured the end of some of the practical disadvantages placed on the spread of human knowledge. The first change in Information technology had begun.
C. Renaissance man was rapidly left behind by this development; and, henceforth, it would be increasingly difficult for the drilled serviceman to cope with the expansion of knowledge that spurted through Europe via the medium of movable nature. In today’s world, the scenario could hardly be more different. The most well-read individual, whom we have been able to legitimately call information man, or homo sapiens, would certainly be considerably more knowledgeable than Renaissance man, Yet, because of the ever-expanding increase in the sum total of human knowledge over the latter half of the last millennium, and the changes in the world of technology, easy access to information has increased the prominence of the educated individual. All that he can hope to be now is an expert in a constrict domain , not the all-knowing polymath of yesteryear.
D. It Is not surprising to see beings devastated by the unlimited creek of Information. There is simply too much of it to adjust, and it is difficult to know what to do with the data once it is received; which raises us back to Johnson’s paroles. But we need to add another dimension to his dictum, one which was probably true-blue in his time, but is even more pertinent today: people need to be able to live the insight they acquire and not just know it or know where to find it. Our deficiency in this regard is, perhaps, the most singular failure of the modern intelligence age.
E. Acquisitiveness is a natural human Instinct. Children collect cards of footballers, or whatever is the latest fad, Stamps, coins and works are targets for children and adult collectors( dike, as their basic abilities are toy upon and fostered by sell armies. The desire to gather knowledge is nothing new. What is astonishing, however, Is the nature in which people treat the learning ones It has been obtained. It is as if the accumulation were an end in Itself; and herein lies the great deception, We have turned the world countries into a large machine of information, a veritable vortex into which we are all being Inexorably sucked, People beaver away amassing raw data, labouring for the purposes of the misapprehension that they are doing something useful when all that is really happening is the movement of information from one target to another, We should scarcely be surprised that, as this becomes apparent, disappointment and stress in the workplace arc becoming sadly the all too common consequences.
F. The macrocosm Is not really the richer for having the current wealth of knowledge at its fingertips. It is like standing amongst the wealth of the British Library, the Bibliotheque Nationals in Paris or other great libraries and not being able to read. So what is to be done? Training in collecting and processing relevant information, followed by learning to collate, analyse and select or abandon is the self-evident mixture, But there is such a dearth of people who know what to do that one remains pessimistic.
The pursuit of insight is sadly not all it is cracked up to be.
Questions 15 -2 1
Complete the convicts below. Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the piece to complete each blank space.
Write your answers in Blank gaps next to 15 -2 1 on your answer sheet.
15 Samuel Johnson was an___________________. 16 Renaissance man supposedly possessed all__________________. 17 The spread of knowledge varied with the all important___________________. 18 According to the writer, today’s datum soldier knows more than_______________. 19 The standing of the modern informed being has been decreased by _________________. 20 The polymath of the Renaissance is described as_______________________. 21 In today’s world, people are weighed down by the endless__________________.
Questions 22 -2 5
Answer the questions below. Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the text for each answer.
Write your answers next to 22 -2 5 on your answer sheet.
22 How does “the authors ” describe people’s inability in the modern world to use the knowledge that they obtain? 23 What is the desire to collect things described as? 24 According to the author, what has the world turned into? 25 What are the consequences in the workplace of moving large amounts of raw data around?
Questions 26 -2 8
Do the statements below agree with the information in Reading Passage 1?
In Boxes 26 -2 8, write 😛 TAGEND
YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passage
NO, if the statement contradicts the information in the passage
NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the passage
Example: The European Renaissance covered the 14 th, 15 th and 16 th centuries.
26 As the world has a wealth of learning within easy reach, it is now richer, 27 Knowledge processing directions will soon be obligatory for all library laborers. 28 The author being of the opinion that the pursuit of insight is worthwhile.
Reading Passage 3 You should deplete about 20 minutes on Questions 29 -4 0, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
A. Between the Inishowen peninsula , north-west of Derry, and the Glens of Antrim, in the throw beyond the Sperrin Mountains, are noticed some of Western Europe’s most captivating and alluring landscape. The Roe Valley Park, some 15 miles east of Deny is a prime example. The Park, like so many Celtic neighbourhoods, is infused in history and fiction. As the Roe seeps down through heather quagmires in the Sperrin Mountains to the South, it is a river by the time it chips through what was once called the “garden of the spirit”- in Celtic ” Gortenanima “.
B. The castle of O’Cahftn formerly suffer now and a number of mansions which made up the town of Limavady. The town takes its name from the lore of a bird-dog rushing into the river Roe carrying a send, or perhaps shooting a stag. This is a magical neighbourhood, where the spray discovers its lane through stone and woodland; at times, lingering in brooding puddles of twilight cool water under the shade of summer trees, and, at others, structuring weirs and conducts for irrigate mills now long gone.
C. The Roe, like all creeks, is witness to biography and modify. To Mullagh Hill, on the west bank of the River Roe just outside the present-day town of Limavady, St, Columba came in 575 AD for the Convention of Drumccatl, The world is probably unaware that it knows something of Limavady; but the city is, in fact, renowned for Jane Ross’s song Danny Boy, written to a tune formerly played by a hobo in the street.
D. Some 30 miles along the coast road from Limavady, one comes upon the forlorn but enforcing ruin of Dunluce Castle, which stands on a soft basalt outcrop, in defiance of the unstable Atlantic lashing it on all sides. The jagged- toothed spoils sit proudly on their rock transcend requiring the coastline to shed and west. The only connection to the mainland is by a narrow-minded aqueduct. Until the kitchen courtroom fell into the sea in 1639 killing several servants, the castle was fully occupied, In the next hundred years or so, the structure gradually fell into Its present spectacular country of deterioration, divested of its ceilings by hurricane and climate and cheated by a guy of its carven stonework. Ruined and pathetic its vistum may be, more, in the haunting Celtic twilight of the long summer evenings, it is redolent of another age, another dream.
E. A mile or so to the cast of the castle lies Port na Spanish, where the Neapolitan Gaileas, Girona, from the Spanish Armada went down one dark October night in 1588 on its behavior to Scotland. Of the 1500′ Odd husbands on board, nine survived. Even further towards the east, is the Giant’s Causeway, a stunning coastline with strangely symmetrical articles of nighttime basalt- a beautiful geological two under, person once said of the causeway that it was worth seeing, but not worth going to see, That was in the days of ponies and cars when tripping was difficult. But it is indeed well worth a stay. The last lingering minutes of the twilight hours are the best time to savour the full power of the coastline’s magic; the time when the place comes into its own.
F. The sightseers are led and if you are very lucky you will be alone, It is not startling, but there is a power in the place; tangible, yet inexplicable. The feeling is one of eeriness and longing, uni of something missing, something not quite fulfilled; the loss of light and the promise of darkness; a meter between two worlds, Once experienced, this feeling never leaves you: the yearning haunts and drags at you for the rest of your dates. Beyond the Causeway, connecting the mainland with an outcrop of rock protruding out of the tempestuou Atlantic is the Carrick-a-Hede Hope Bridge- Not a crossing for the faint-hearted. The Bridge swingings above a abys of racing, foaming spray that seeks to drag the unwary down, and away.
Questions 29 -3 3
Choose one quotation( -AE) from the index of places to name the delineate below, Write the appropriate words( -Ai) in Boxes 29 -3 3 on your answer sheet,
List of places
A The Sperrin Mountains
B Dunluce Castle
D The Glens of Antrim
Questions 34 -3 7 Do the statements below agreed to accept the Information in Reading Passage 3? In Boxes 34 -3 7, write YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passageway NO, if the statement belies the information in the aisle NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the moving
Example: Inishowen is in the north-west of Ireland. Answer: Yes.
34 After 1639 the castling of Dunluce was not perfectly uninhabited. 35 For the author, Dunluce castle rekindles another period of history. 36 There were more than 1500 adults on the Girona when it went down. 37 The scribe disagrees with the viewpoint that the Giant’s Causeway is not worth going to
Questions 38 -4 0 Choose the appropriate notes -AD and write them next to 38 -4 0 on your answer sheet.
38 The writer feels that the Giant’s Causeway is …
A un unsettling place
B relaxing place
C a boring place
D a region that helps one unwind
39 Where was this passage taken from?
A the bulletin section of a newspaper
B A wander division in a newspaper
C a biography
D an academic publication on geography
40 Which of the following would be a good entitle for the verse?
A The Roe Valley Park
B The Giant’s Causeway
C Going Hast to West
D A move into history
Reading aisle 1
1. Imagine 2. Citizen 3. Crocodile 4. Obelisk 5. Obelisk 6. Pharaoh 7. Uprising 8. Mind/minds 9. Publicity 10. Insidiou 11.
12. D 13. D 14. A 15. B
Reading piece 2
16. English lexicographer
17. (of) human knowledge
18. Advert of publishing
19. Renaissance man 20. Easy access to information/ easily accessible information/ easy information access
21. All-knowing 22. Brook of information
23. The most singular lack
24. A natural human instinct
25. A whirl/ a veritable vortex/ a large information machine
26. Disenchantment and stress
27. No 28. Not leaved
[readingebook] Reading quotation 3
30. C 31. E 32. B 33. D 34. A 35. Not Given
36. Yes 37. Yes 38. A 39. B 40. D
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